It influences the behavior of the individuals. It decides the way to act or behave during a particular situation. Attitude may be a quite habit. it’s a usual way of doing things. Everything during a person `s life will recover if the attitude of the person gets better. Successes and failures in life depend on the attitude of the individuals. If attitudes are positive, then human relations are going to be positive. it’s internal and really difficult to vary .
Behavior is that the way an individual responds to his attitude. This response is either positive or negative, counting on how that views his position. for instance , an child who disagrees together with his parents may ignore to travel chool or study. additionally , an one that dislikes another person or has little respect towards him may display this attitude by speaking harshly to the present individual. Behavior are often influenced by variety of things beyond attitude, including preconceptions about self et al. , monetary factors, social influences, and convenience. it’s the actions or reactions of an individual in response to external or internal stimuli. It indicates the way during which something functions or operates inside.
Psychologists define attitudes as a learned tendency to guage things during a certain way. this will include evaluations of individuals , issues, objects, or events. Such evaluations are often positive or negative, but they will even be uncertain sometimes . for instance , you would possibly have mixed feelings a few particular person or issue. Researchers also suggest that there are several different components that structure attitudes. The components of attitudes are sometimes mentioned as CAB or the ABC’s of attitude.
• Cognitive Component: your thoughts and beliefs about the topic .
• Affective Component: how the thing , person, issue, or event causes you to feel.
There are variety of things which will influence how and why attitudes form.
• Experience – Attitudes form directly as a results of experience. they’ll emerge thanks to direct personal experience, or they’ll result from observation.
• Social Factors – Social roles and social norms can have a robust influence on attitudes. Social roles relate to how people are expected to behave during a particular role or context.
Factors That Influence Attitude Strength
Researchers have discovered that folks are more likely to behave consistent with their attitudes under certain conditions:
• When your attitudes are the results of personal experience.
• once you are an expert on the topic .
• once you expect a positive outcome.
• once you stand to win or lose something thanks to the difficulty .
Attitudes Can Change to Match Behavior
In some cases, people may very well alter their attitudes so as to raised align them with their behavior. Cognitive dissonance may be a phenomenon during which an individual experiences psychological distress thanks to conflicting thoughts or beliefs. so as to scale back this tension, people may change their attitudes to reflect their other beliefs or actual behaviors. Imagine the subsequent situation: You’ve always placed a high value on financial security, but you begin seeing someone who is extremely financially unstable. so as to scale back the strain caused by the conflicting beliefs and behavior, you’ve got two options. you’ll end the connection and hunt down a partner who is more financially secure, otherwise you can de-emphasize fiscal stability importance. so as to attenuate the dissonance between your conflicting attitude and behavior, you either need to change the attitude or change your actions.
While attitudes can have a strong effect on behavior, they’re not set in stone. an equivalent influences that cause attitude formation also can create attitude change.
• Learning Theory of Attitude Change: conditioning , conditioning , and observational learning are often wont to cause attitude change. conditioning are often wont to strengthen desirable attitudes and weaken undesirable ones. People also can change their attitudes after observing the behavior of others.
• Elaboration Likelihood Theory of Attitude Change: This theory of Persuasion suggests that folks can alter their attitudes in two ways. First, they will be motivated to concentrate and believe the message, thus resulting in an attitude shift.Messages that are thought-provoking which appeal to logic are more likely to steer to permanent changes in attitudes.
• Dissonance Theory of Attitude Change: As mentioned earlier, people also can change their attitudes once they have conflicting beliefs a few topic. so as to scale back the strain created by these incompatible beliefs, people often shift their attitudes.
Changing attitudes to vary behavior
Attitude and behavior are woven into the material of lifestyle . Research has shown that individuals register an instantaneous and automatic reaction of “good” or “bad” towards everything they encounter in but a second, even before they’re conscious of having formed an attitude.
The fields of social and behavioral psychology have researched the connection between attitude and behavior extensively. The more psychologists can understand the connection between attitude and behavior and therefore the factors that influence both, the more effectively they will treat mental disorders, and contribute to the dialogue on important social problems like racism, gender bias and age discrimination.
Changing behavior to influence attitudes
In 1955, psychotherapist and educator George Kelly introduced his psychology of private constructs.These constructs change and adapt because the individual is exposed to new and different situations. At the guts of Kelly’s theory is that the concept individuals can seek new experiences and practice and adapt new behaviors so as to vary their attitudes (or constructs) towards the planet . He recommended that therapists encourage their patients to undertake out new behaviors and coping strategies.
When behavior is inconsistent with attitude, it’s sometimes a results of social or peer pressure. While adult behavior generally follows from held attitudes, for youngsters , attitudes are often shaped by observed behavior. From a really young age, children copy the actions of others and, to a degree, build their attitudes and beliefs from this learned behavior. As children grow into adolescence, the behavior of their peers can have a big impact. Sometimes this peer pressure factor are often wont to a plus . One research study found that antismoking campaigns targeted at teenagers can have a better success rate when adolescent peers are used as instructors.
The most powerful moderators of the attitudes behavior relationships are found to be importance of the attitude,its specificity, its accessibility, whether there exist social pressures, and whether an individual has direct experience with theattitude.Important attitudes are ones that reflect fundamental values, self-interest, or identification with individuals orgroups that an individual values. Attitudes that individuals consider important tend to point out a robust relationship to behavior.The more specific the attitude and therefore the more specific the behavior, the stronger is that the link between the 2 .Interestingly you’re more likely to recollect attitudes that are frequently expressed. therefore the more you mention your attitude on a topic , the more you’re likely to recollect it, and therefore the more likely it’s to shape your behavior. Discrepancies between attitude and behavior are more likely to occur when social pressures to behave in certain ways hold exceptional power. for everyone continue learning to make your attitude to steer to positive behavior.