The Topic Of This Post
- How and at what time teeth are formed
- White spots on teeth: what are the causes?
- Dental fluorosis: what it is and what it causes
- Remedies for white spots on teeth
The white spots on the teeth are very common. In English, the term used is white spot lesions and indicates a lesion that manifests itself in the form of a chalky-looking white patch or streak, due to demineralization. In practice, the enamel surface remains intact, but a change occurs underneath, as a result of which the refractive index of light also changes, and as a result, the tooth takes on different colors. It is a clinical condition that can be more or less visible, and is due to several factors, in particular some that can interfere with dental development. We talk about it in this article: before delving into the subject, it is therefore advisable to make a small digression on how the formation of the teeth takes place since it will also be useful to understand the causes of white spots.
HOW AND AT WHAT TIME TEETH ARE FORMED
The development of teeth and gums begins already during pregnancy: around the eighth week, dental buds form under the gums, which will remain in this phase until the first months after birth. The milk teeth (that are all over 20) sprout usually between four and six months, a process that ends when three years.
Likewise, permanent dentition also forms well before being visible: the buds, in fact, mature under the gum surface. From the age of six, a phase begins in which we witness the gradual exchange of milk teeth into permanent ones: it is important to underline that, once they have emerged from the gum to take the place of the fallen ones, their development is completely complete. It is clear, therefore, that many factors weigh on the whole process, starting from the habits of the mother during gestation, from breastfeeding, to nutrition in the first years of life.
WHITE SPOTS ON TEETH: WHAT ARE THE CAUSES?
We have seen broadly how the formation of teeth occurs. Now let’s go back to the main topic of the study, to immediately clarify that the stains on the teeth are not all the same: the dark ones, tending to black, are formed due to poor oral hygiene, smoking, and the intake of large quantities of drinks. with caffeine; white ones, on the other hand, are almost always due to problems during dental development, and associated in particular with a condition called fluorosis, which we will discuss shortly.
There are also other factors to consider:
- a trauma to the milk teeth, which affects the development of the underlying gem, and can manifest itself as a stain of a different color, but also with a deformation of the crown;
- caries, in an early stage, can give rise to white patches on the tooth;
- a low-calcium diet negatively affects dental development, as it can prevent complete enamel formation during crown ripening, which can cause white spots;
- this may be a side effect of taking certain medications in children, especially antibiotics;
- The smoking during pregnancy ;
- the high fever in children, leading to significant loss of minerals.
DENTAL FLUOROSIS: WHAT IT IS AND WHAT IT CAUSES
Dental fluorosis is a condition that occurs when children assume too much fluoride, from any source for extended periods. Although this element is important in terms of bone and teeth, it should not be absorbed in large quantities before the age of 8, when the permanent dentition is completing the growth process under the gums.
However, fluorosis is not a disease and does not affect the health of the teeth, but causes white spots, which can vary in size and are therefore more or less visible depending on the case. To prevent it, in children under the age of 8 it is advisable to reduce the use of fluoride toothpaste and not to use mouthwashes that contain it at all unless there are specific indications from the dentist. After this age, when the teeth have already come out, there is no longer the risk of developing fluorosis. It is also very rare that it appears on milk teeth.
REMEDIES FOR WHITE SPOTS ON TEETH
In general, white spots on teeth shouldn’t cause any particular concern. However, it is advisable to try to clarify the causes first, with the help of your dentist: when they are due to caries it is necessary to intervene to stop the damage.
Today various solutions restore a uniform color to the tooth, such as remineralizing treatments and innovative infiltration methods: the specialist, after careful evaluation and analysis, will be able to direct the patient towards the most suitable choice. The health of the mouth goes far beyond the need to have a dazzling smile, and it is important to take care of it through proper prevention: for this reason, it must not be neglected at all, starting from periodic visits and dental hygiene sessions. A policy such as Medicare insurance in the adult version, allows you to make free checks and oral hygiene. The coverage also includes:
- dental surgeries
- dental care in the event of a road accident.
Furthermore, it guarantees an average saving of 41% compared to the normal rates on all other dental services, giving the possibility to choose from over 5000 affiliated dental centers throughout Italy.
Have you ever thought about this solution?